The most popular US bottle deposit and plastic bag

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Us bottle deposit and plastic bag tax bill introduced House Democrats recently proposed two bills aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions and curbing toxic pollution. A 5-cent beverage container deposit and a 5-cent disposable plastic bag tax will be charged to grocery stores and other retailers

it is said that in view of climate change, Congressman ed Markey (d-mass.) And Jim Moran (d-va.) will charge a deposit of 5 cents nationwide for the wearers of plastic bottles of bottled water and other beverage holding valves and oil cylinders. Markey, chairman of the Select Committee on energy independence and global warming, first proposed the "bottle recycling climate protection law" in 2007

markey points to the energy and oil used to produce plastic bottles, and hopes to seek multi-party support for this legislation. "The national bottle act can help the United States reduce the use of plastic bottles, thereby reducing oil imports," he said in a statement. "We can still use carbon dioxide in soda, but we should reduce the greenhouse effect of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere."

he also proposed that the bill would encourage large-scale recycling of cans, metal and plastic beverage containers, making it easy for the aluminum and glass industries to obtain cheap materials

however, Tom Lauria, spokesman of the international bottled water association, said that Markey was solving the problem in the wrong way

"mineral water bottles account for about 0.33% of waste," he said. "I don't think the deposit... Is necessary, because I think people should think about recycling more in the earth day."

lauria said that bottled water customers are trying to recycle. He pointed out that the mineral water bottles recycled by the roadside are the most recycled among plastic wastes

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Angela logomasini, director of risk and environmental policy at the Institute of competitive enterprises, strongly opposes the collection of deposits, just as she opposes the collection of taxes. She has led a conservative think tank in an effort to reassure consumers about the safety of bottled water and its environmental impact

"tax is tax," logomasini said. "I don't think it's a positive thing. I don't think people's use of containers will change. It's just another way to fill the national treasury."

logomasini also pointed out that the state and local governments are managing recycling projects

at present, 11 countries have implemented deposit programs, requiring consumers to return to containers to get back the deposit. They claim that their recovery rate is twice that of countries that have not implemented deposit projects, and the bill will exempt them from paying three-year deposits to the state while maintaining a high recovery rate

organizations such as container recycling Institute, natural resources protection committee and public interest research group supported the bill at the latest meeting. This legislation seems to have once again won the support of environmentalists

Plastic bags

plastic bags

moran also proposed a bill that will charge a tax of 5 cents on disposable plastic bags to reduce water pollution and landfill

according to the plastic bag reduction act of 2009, the tax of 5 cents per bag will be levied from january1,2010, and will be increased to 25 cents per bag on january1,2015. The legislation will apply to food bags, dry cleaning bags, take away food packaging bags, retail bags and service station bags

the funds raised by this tax will be used for multiple projects; Retailers implementing the project will enjoy a tax credit of 1 cent, the other 1 cent will be used by the land and water resources protection fund to clean up pollution, another 1 cent will be used for national and local waste reduction projects and watershed protection projects, and the remaining 2 cents will be used to repay national debt

"plastic bags actually suffocate our environment," Moran pointed out in a statement, saying that the ocean is filled with hundreds of square miles of debris

"it is also disturbing that toxic chemicals are released into the environment because these plastics decompose," he added. "Some environmentalists believe that we can see the local negative impact of Potomac and Anacostia rivers from the emergence of intersexual fish."

some countries in Europe, Africa and Asia have implemented plastic bag tax or banned the use of plastic bags. In the United States, San Francisco banned the use of plastic bags in 2007

Moran's bill followed an announcement by the American Chemical Council. The announcement aims to increase the recycling of plastic bags, known as the big recycling initiative. The plan will strive to ensure that all plastic bags contain 40% recycled materials by 2015

stakeholders in the industry are expected to invest nearly 50million US dollars, of which the Council estimates that it will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 463million pounds a year, save energy for 200000 people to heat, and reduce waste by 300million pounds. Walgreens and other retailers are involved in this initiative

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